Unit of hereditary information. A gene is a section of a DNA molecule that specifies the production of a particular protein.
The treatment of genetic disease accomplished by altering the genetic structure of either somatic (nonreproductive) or germline (reproductive) cells.
Obsolete term, previously used to denote an institutional assurance covering multiple research projects.
Using modern biotechnology to alter the genetic material of cells or organisms in order to make them capable of making new substances or performing new functions. Also referred to as genetic engineering or genetic manipulation.
The woman who contributes her ovum for gestation.